Travel Africa-Know About Africa Countries While Traveling

Kenya.

Nairobi

Kenya is a state that is located in East Africa. Mineral resources of Kenya are mainly of sedimentary origin, they are large reserves of soda and table salt, kyanite, diatomite. In Kenya, there are small deposits of iron, nickel, gold. The basis of Kenya’s economy is diversified agriculture. Cassava, sweet potatoes, rice, maize, millet, oats, barley, as well as cotton and sugar cane are cultivated for local consumption. Sisal, tea, coffee, pyrethrum are grown on plantations in Kenya.

 Animal husbandry in Kenya has a meat and dairy direction, mainly in highland areas. Sixty-five percent of industrial enterprises in Kenya are industrial enterprises that are engaged in the processing of agricultural raw materials. The length of railways in Kenya is 2,651 kilometers, 54,200 kilometers of highways.

To enjoy the beauty of Kenya, you should rent a car. Kenya’s main seaport is Mombasa, and the lake’s port is Kisumu on Lake Victoria. The country’s international airports are located in the cities of Nairobi and Mombasa. In Kenya, there is the Mombasa-Nairobi pipeline. Coffee, tea, fruits, vegetables, sisal, petroleum products, soda ash and salt, pyrethrum are exported to the world market.

 The main imports of Kenya are oil, machinery, equipment, industrial raw materials, food products. More than 40 nationalities live in the country, the main of whom are Africans who speak Bantu language, nilots and Cushites. Arabs and Europeans live permanently in Kenya. More than 80 percent of Kenya’s total population is engaged in agriculture.

 Kenya is a presidential republic where parliament is the highest legislative body. More than 50 percent of people in Kenya adhere to traditional beliefs and cults, the rest percent of the population are Christians. There are adherents of Christian – African churches and sects. Islam is preached by about 10 percent of Kenya’s population.

Holiday tours in Kenya are sold in many countries around the world. The sale is carried out in travel agencies, here you can pay for check-in at the hotel and insurance against accidents and other circumstances.

Congo

kinshasa

The Democratic Republic of Congo occupies most of the floodplain of the Congo River. There are many hotels in Congo, where tourists can enjoy a great vacation. Most tourists go to the Congo, after listening to an advertisement of a company that sells tours in the Congo, be sure to draw up insurance and registration at the hotel. Some travel on their own and are also not disappointed.

 The Democratic Republic of Congo has a relatively developed diversified economy with a predominance of the mining industry and the primary processing of mineral raw materials. Congo ranks first in the world in Africa in terms of reserves of copper, zinc and tin, there is also oil, coal, iron ore, manganese, gold and bauxite.

 The Democratic Republic of Congo exports mainly palm oil, coffee, cocoa, natural rubber, and for domestic consumption they grow cassava, which is the basis of nutrition for the population. For the same purpose, yams, millet, sorghum, vegetables and fruits are grown in the Congo. Although the length of roads in the Congo is about 5 thousand kilometers, there is no single network.

Most of the railway lines are concentrated in Katanga. Kinshasa is connected with Katanga only by combined transport – river and railway. All the peoples of the Congo speak the languages ​​and dialects of the three language families: Bantu, Sudanese and Nilot.

The Democratic Republic of Congo is underdeveloped in the fields of medicine and education. Most of the population of this country is illiterate people. The tropical forests of the Congo are inhabited by pygmy tribes. The languages ​​of the Sudanese family are spoken by the Azande, the gang, and the Gbayya living in the north of the country. Lingala, Kikongo, Chiluba and Kiswahili are used as languages ​​of international communication. The climate in the Congo is equatorial and subequatorial.

 In the Democratic Republic of Congo there are three national parks that are under state protection. In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, there is legislative power, which is owned by the president, executive power belongs to the government. Traditional beliefs profess more than a third of the population, 60 percent are Christians, and only 3 percent are Catholic.

Senegal

Dakar

Senegal is a country that is located in a tropical and partially subtropical zone. There is a clear division of climate in the dry and rainy season. The greatest amount of precipitation in Senegal is brought in July-August. Senegal is an agrarian-industrial country.

A variety of advertising travel agencies offers holidays in hotels in Senegal, the sale of tours to this country, as well as registration and insurance of visitors. Getting around Senegal is easier if you rent a car.

In Senegal, work is underway on the construction of dams on the Senegal River and the creation of irrigation systems. Senegal grows millet, sorghum, rice, corn, sweet potatoes, beans, beans and various fruits.

The main industrial crops grown in Senegal are peanuts, cotton and sugar cane, which are processed at local enterprises. An important sector of the Senegalese economy is fishing and seafood processing. Senegal has significant mineral resources: limestone and aluminum phosphate, iron ore, gold ore, copper, limestone, titanium and zirconium ores, and oil deposits in the zone of the continental plume.

The most important role in the mining industry is the extraction of limestone and aluminum phosphate. A large oil refinery is located on the territory of Senegal. Senegal is the most important transportation hub on the west African coast of the continent.

The main volume of traffic carried out outside the territory of Senegal is carried out through the port of Dakar, by rail and road. Dakar-Yof Airport is a major international transport hub. The ethnic composition of the population in Senegal is quite diverse; landowning peoples live here, accounting for 43 percent of the total population. The rest of the population of Senegal is represented by different nations. Over 90 percent of the people of Senegal preach Islam.

Christianity is low developed in Senegal, the level of Christians among the population is represented by only 4 percent of the total number of believers. Senegal is a republic. The head of state of Senegal is the president. Legislative power in Senegal belongs to the bicameral parliament.

Liberia

Monrovia

Liberia is located on the Atlantic coast, between the rivers Mano and Cavalli. Liberia is bordered in the north by Guinea and in the north-west by Sierra Leone, in the south-east by Côte d’Ivoire. Liberia occupies a seaside flat terrain 60 kilometers wide, which gradually turns into a rugged plateau with individual mountain ranges up to 800 meters high.

The land of Liberia is rich in minerals. On the territory of the country they develop: iron ore, phosphates, rutile, zirconium, tin, zinc, gold, diamonds. The main sectors of the economy of Liberia is mining, agriculture and forestry. The manufacturing industry in Liberia is very weak. Liberia’s agriculture focuses mainly on food production and exported crops, which include coffee, cocoa beans and natural rubber.

In 1991, Liberia had 280 kilometers of railways, over 10.6 thousand kilometers of roads, of which 2 thousand kilometers have a hard surface. To move freely in Liberia, it’s worth hiring a car. The main world ports of Liberia are: Monrovia, Bucelen, Harper, Greenville and Marshall. Liberia’s international airports are located in the cities of Harbel and Monrovia.

The ethnic composition of the population is extremely diverse – more than 20 nations. The languages ​​of the Mande, which is about 48 percent of the population, speak Kpelle, Scrap, Bandi, Mende, Dan, Vai and Mandingo. The nations of the Kru subgroup are mostly bass, kru, rowing, tap and Belle. To the Atlantic group belongs the goal and the fox. American Liberians, Lebanese and some Europeans also live in the country. Traditional African beliefs adheres to more than 50 percent of the population.

Liberia is a presidential republic, where the head is the president. The legislative body of Liberia is a bicameral parliament, consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives. A variety of advertising travel agencies offers holidays in hotels in Liberia, the sale of tours to this country, as well as registration and insurance of visitors.

Lesotho

Maseru

The Kingdom of Lesotho is a mountainous country. Most of it is a plateau, bordered in the east by the Drakensberg Mountains up to 3,482 meters. In the north, the plateau is cut by the Maluti Ridge and the spurs of the Drakensberg Mountains, and in the west it gradually decreases to wide river valleys.

Only 11 percent of Lesotho is suitable for farming, and 60 percent for grazing. Nedra Lesotho studied very poorly, but, despite this, in the country were discovered several deposits. In the kingdom of Lesotho, several layers of hard coal and asbestos have been discovered, and a uranium deposit has been discovered in the north-west of the country. The tremendous wealth of Lesotho is its water resources. From the mountains begin their journey the largest rivers of South Africa, and among them the Orange River.

Lesotho is one of the poorest countries in the world. Lesotho’s main economic sector is agriculture, which employs 80 percent of the country’s population. In Lesotho, they also grow crops, including corn and sorghum, as well as wheat, beans and vegetables. Livestock is a traditional occupation of Basotho, the indigenous people of Lesotho. They breed sheep, cattle, goats, mainly Angora, which give high-quality wool – mohair. Wool goats and sheep is perhaps the main export commodity of agriculture.

The transport network of Lesotho is poorly developed. The length of roads is only 900 kilometers. Donkeys and horses are the main transport in many mountainous areas of the country. But despite the small length of roads you can rent a car to fully enjoy the beauty of this country. The airport in Maseru provides communication with major cities and the AR.

 Tours to rest in Lesotho are sold in many countries around the world. The sale is carried out in travel agencies, here you can pay for check-in at the hotel and insurance against accidents and other circumstances. Advertising is also of great importance and is carried out by all available means. Basuto people make up more than 90 percent of the population. The only significant ethnic minority in Lesotho is the Zulu.

 Lesotho is one of the first places in Africa for literacy among the population. The rate of this country is 80 percent literacy. Fiction exists in the sesotho language, some of the works have been translated into European languages. The Kingdom of Lesotho is a constitutional monarchy, where the head of state is the king. Legislative power is vested in the bicameral parliament, executive power is vested in the government headed by the prime minister.